Like many other cross- channel linguistic acquisitions, many Britons readily took this up and followed this rule themselves, while the Americans took a simpler rule and applied it rigorously. Kripo for Kriminalpolizei. For example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr. Garner's Modern American Usage. This might be done to save time and space, and also to provide secrecy.
Acronyms that were originally capitalized with or without periods but have since entered the vocabulary as generic words are no longer written with capital letters nor with any periods. While this may seem trivial, it was symptomatic of an attempt by people manually reproducing academic texts to reduce the copy time.
What does PDF stand for
Shortened words were used and initial letters were commonly used to represent words in specific applications. On the other hand, basic interior design books pdf syllabic abbreviations prevailed both in Germany under the Nazis and in the Soviet Union for naming the plethora of new bureaucratic organisations.
The handbook of style for writers and editors. East Asian languages whose writing systems use Chinese characters form abbreviations similarly by using key Chinese characters from a term or phrase. In modern English, there are several conventions for abbreviations, and the choice may be confusing. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
It consists of a group of letters taken from the word or phrase.
Over the years, however, the lack of convention in some style guides has made it difficult to determine which two-word abbreviations should be abbreviated with periods and which should not. Look up abbreviation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. However, this style is not preferred by many style guides.
If the original word was capitalized then the first letter of its abbreviation should retain the capital, for example Lev. Syllabic abbreviations are not widely used in English. When an abbreviation contains more than one full point, Hart's Rules recommends putting the s after the final one. There is a question about how to pluralize abbreviations, particularly acronyms. It is a logogram rather than an abbreviation.
Writers often use shorthand to denote units of measure. Widespread use of electronic communication through mobile phones and the Internet during the s allowed for a marked rise in colloquial abbreviation. Apostrophes following decades and single letters are also common. The capital of the United States is Washington, D. The National Institute of Standards and Technology sets the style for abbreviations of units.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Publications based in the U. When a word is abbreviated to more than a single letter and was originally spelled with lower case letters then there is no need for capitalization. Abbreviations have a long history, created so that spelling out a whole word could be avoided. Questions which arise include those in the following subsections.
Many British publications have gradually done away with the use of periods in abbreviations. It is a variant of the acronym. In Latin, and continuing to the derivative forms in European languages as well as English, single-letter abbreviations had the plural being a doubling of the letter for note-taking. Government Printing Office.
The use of abbreviation for the names of J. This article needs additional citations for verification. Acronyms and initialisms are regarded as subsets of abbreviations e. But before that, many Britons were more scrupulous at maintaining the French form. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Abbreviations in English were frequently used from its earliest days. Government follows a style guide published by the U. To indicate the plural of the abbreviation or symbol of a unit of measure, the same form is used as in the singular. They are abbreviations that consist of the initial letters or parts of words.
To form the plural of an abbreviation, a number, or a capital letter used as a noun, simply add a lowercase s to the end. Most of these deal with writing and publishing.
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