Project Planning And Analysis For Development Pdf
Planning tools Problem Tree Analysis
But they may not always be bad as it has political support and commitment and also reflect local need. It is concerned with funding opportunities fro using whatever resources may be available. Extreme versions of either approach tend to lead to problems of inflexibility in the one case and indecision in the other. Alternative analysis paves the various possible ways of dealing with the core problem. At the same time, participants in the groups learned much about common problems they themselves were facing and their possible solutions.
Sample Project Management SWOT Analysis
The first step is to discuss and agree the problem or issue to be analysed. These objectives may well be worded as objectives for change. Do not worry if it seems like a broad topic because the problem tree will help break it down.
In order to construct a new irrigation facility in the village, either a ground water or the river water may be used lift pump. It is important that factors can be added as the conversation progresses.
The further development of project ideas is sometimes called project formulation. This is needed to ensure how to translate the available resources into the required output. Also the hierarchy of problems in the problem tree becomes a hierarchy of objectives that define the future desired and achievable situation to be reached when the problems have been solved. Less likely to be successful projects are abandoned at an early stage without incurring excessive expenditure.
Where available, sectoral plans should provide both an assessment of demands and needs and an assessment of available resources. The heart of the exercise is the discussion, debate and dialogue that is generated as factors are arranged and re-arranged, often forming sub-dividing roots and branches like a Mind map. Here, the process of cause-effect relationship becomes mean-ends relationship. Projects may also be identified through corporate planning by large enterprises in both the public and private sector.
This implies identification of one or more problems that are preventing demands or needs from being satisfied. What are the most serious consequences? There may be primary and secondary stakeholders. Which causes and consequences are getting better, which are getting worse and which are staying the same? Problem analysis Regarding objectives analysis, the problem above restated as positive conditions becomes the project purpose such as increased production and resolution of some other problems.
The Problem tree can be converted into an objectives tree by rephrasing each of the problems into positive desirable outcomes - as if the problem had already been treated. Stakeholder-oriented valuation to support water resources management processes Confronting concepts with local practice.
The detailed analysis of the project with the greatest potential may then be forwarded. As such, the problems of each interest group are listed and the casual relationships among them are then defined.
Simple Project Analysis
Problem tree analysis is central to many forms of project planning and is well developed among development agencies. It is normally derived from some form of planning process. Problem tree analysis is best carried out in a small focus group of about six to eight people using flip chart paper or an overhead transparency.
These can then feed into a Force field analysis which provides a useful next step. Does this represent the reality? However, such projects are often criticized to be disruptive and may be unapprised.
What is important is that there should be some means to distinguish the good ones from the bad ones to ensure that, as far as possible, only the good project go ahead. These causes and consequences can be created on post-it notes or cards, perhaps individually or in pairs, so that they can be arranged in a cause-and-effect logic. This cam arise either from political expediency of from opportunism. Which are of most concern?
This involves considering all the alternative ways of achieving a given set of objectives. Are the economic, political and socio-cultural dimensions to the problem considered? The problem is primarily related to inadequate irrigation facility in the village.
Through the discussion they were able to exchange ideas of how to achieve this. What decisions have we made, and what actions have we agreed? The idea is to identify the core problem to be tackled and then to establish the chain of causes and effects. Remember me on this computer.
Other sources are the processes of sector review and evaluation of completed projects undertaken by various funding agencies. Next, the group identify the causes of the focal problem - these become the roots - and then identify the consequences, which become the branches. The problem can be broken down into manageable and definable chunks. This starts from a resource assessment and determines what the resource might be used for.
Primary stakeholders are those positively or negatively affected by the project and secondary are those engaged in intermediary role in the delivery of project benefits. Stakeholder analysis often involves the use of tables to summarize the position of different stakeholder groups in relation to project. The Problem tree is closely linked to the Objectives tree, another key tool in the project planner's repertoire, adobe pdf pocket pc and well used by development agencies. Both top down as well as bottom up approaches to planning have merits and demerits.
The wording does not need to be exact as the roots and branches will further define it, but it should describe an actual issue that everyone feels passionately about. This provides the basis for project screening in accordance with some form of criteria like potential financial profitability, environmental impact, social acceptability etc.
- Libro la vision de david wilkerson en pdf download
- Cifoescoliosis pdf
- Dungeons and dragons dungeon master guide 3.5 pdf download
- 2010 ford f150 owners manual pdf
- Brand awareness survey questions pdf download
- Apply signature to pdf download
- Civil procedure rules 1998 pdf
- Broken silence pdf natasha preston download
- Transformer pdf en word
- Motorcycle maintenance checklist pdf download
- Management accounting books free pdf
- Converti file pdf in excel
- Manual of emergency and critical care ultrasound pdf download
- Atlantis complex pdf download